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Ameristar East Chicago includes diverse selection of restaurants ranging from deli sandwiches to steaks and seafood. Since Amsterdam expanded rapidly during this period, new buildings adjacent to the city centre were also built in this style.
The last style that was popular in Amsterdam before the modern era was Art Deco. Amsterdam had its own version of the style, which was called the Amsterdamse School.
Whole districts were built this style, such as the Rivierenbuurt. The old city centre is the focal point of all the architectural styles before the end of the 19th century.
Jugendstil and Georgian are mostly found outside the city's centre in the neighbourhoods built in the early 20th century, although there are also some striking examples of these styles in the city centre.
Most historic buildings in the city centre and nearby are houses, such as the famous merchants' houses lining the canals. Amsterdam has many parks, open spaces and squares throughout the city.
The Vondelpark , the largest park in the city, is located in the Oud-Zuid neighbourhood and is named after the 17th-century Amsterdam author Joost van den Vondel.
Yearly, the park has around 10 million visitors. In the park is an open-air theatre, a playground and several horeca facilities. In the Zuid borough, is the Beatrixpark , named after Queen Beatrix.
Other parks include the Sarphatipark in the De Pijp neighbourhood, the Oosterpark in the Oost borough and the Westerpark in the Westerpark neighbourhood.
The city has three beaches: The city has many open squares plein in Dutch. The namesake of the city as the site of the original dam, Dam Square , is the main city square and has the Royal Palace and National Monument.
Also, near to Amsterdam is the Nekkeveld estate conservation project. Amsterdam is the financial and business capital of the Netherlands.
KPMG International's global headquarters is located in nearby Amstelveen, where many non-Dutch companies have settled as well, because surrounding communities allow full land ownership, contrary to Amsterdam's land-lease system.
Though many small offices are still located on the old canals, companies are increasingly relocating outside the city centre.
South Axis has become the new financial and legal hub. There are three other smaller financial districts in Amsterdam. The first is the area surrounding Amsterdam Sloterdijk railway station , where several newspapers like De Telegraaf have their offices.
Also, Deloitte , the Gemeentelijk Vervoerbedrijf municipal public transport company and the Dutch tax offices Belastingdienst are located there.
The third is the area surrounding Amsterdam Amstel railway station. The tallest building in Amsterdam, the Rembrandt Tower , is situated there, as is the headquarters of Philips.
The Port of Amsterdam is the fourth largest port in Europe, the 38th largest port in the world and the second largest port in the Netherlands by metric tons of cargo.
Amsterdam has the biggest cruise port in the Netherlands with more than cruise ships every year. In the new lock in IJmuiden will open; the port will then be able to grow to million tonnes in capacity.
It is near Dam Square in the city centre. Amsterdam is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Europe, receiving more than 4.
This can be attributed to an increasing number of European visitors. Two-thirds of the hotels are located in the city's centre. For example, the year was designated "Rembrandt ", to celebrate the th birthday of Rembrandt van Rijn.
Some hotels offer special arrangements or activities during these years. The average number of guests per year staying at the four campsites around the city range from 12, to 65, De Wallen, also known as Walletjes or Rosse Buurt, is a designated area for legalised prostitution and is Amsterdam's largest and most well known red-light district.
This neighbourhood has become a famous attraction for tourists. It consists of a network of roads and alleys containing several hundred small, one-room apartments rented by sex workers who offer their services from behind a window or glass door, typically illuminated with red lights.
Shops in Amsterdam range from large high end department stores such as De Bijenkorf founded in to small specialty shops.
Amsterdam's high-end shops are found in the streets P. Hooftstraat and Cornelis Schuytstraat , which are located in the vicinity of the Vondelpark.
One of Amsterdam's busiest high streets is the narrow, medieval Kalverstraat in the heart of the city. Other shopping areas include the Negen Straatjes and Haarlemmerdijk and Haarlemmerstraat.
Negen Straatjes are nine narrow streets within the Grachtengordel , the concentric canal system of Amsterdam.
The Negen Straatjes differ from other shopping districts with the presence of a large diversity of privately owned shops. The Haarlemmerstraat and Haarlemmerdijk were voted best shopping street in the Netherlands in These streets have as the Negen Straatjes a large diversity of privately owned shops.
But as the Negen Straatjes are dominated by fashion stores the Haarlemmerstraat and Haarlemmerdijk offer a very wide variety of all kinds of stores, just to name some specialties: The city also features a large number of open-air markets such as the Albert Cuyp Market , Westerstraat-markt, Ten Katemarkt, and Dappermarkt.
Some of these markets are held on a daily basis, like the Albert Cuypmarkt and the Dappermarkt. Others, like the Westerstraatmarkt, are held on a weekly basis.
Amsterdam has its garment centre in the World Fashion Center. Buildings which formerly housed brothels in the red light district have been converted to ateliers for young fashion designers, AKA eagle fuel.
During the later part of the 16th-century Amsterdam's Rederijkerskamer Chamber of rhetoric organised contests between different Chambers in the reading of poetry and drama.
In , Amsterdam opened its first theatre. Ballet performances were given in this theatre as early as In the 18th century, French theatre became popular.
While Amsterdam was under the influence of German music in the 19th century there were few national opera productions; the Hollandse Opera of Amsterdam was built in for the specific purpose of promoting Dutch opera.
At the end of this century, the Rijksmuseum and Stedelijk Museum were built. With the 20th century came cinema, radio and television.
Many people who work in the television industry live in Amsterdam. The most important museums of Amsterdam are located on the Museumplein Museum Square , located at the southwestern side of the Rijksmuseum.
It was created in the last quarter of the 19th century on the grounds of the former World's fair. The northeastern part of the square is bordered by the very large Rijksmuseum.
In front of the Rijksmuseum on the square itself is a long, rectangular pond. This is transformed into an ice rink in winter. The southwestern border of the Museum Square is the Van Baerlestraat, which is a major thoroughfare in this part of Amsterdam.
The Concertgebouw is situated across this street from the square. To the southeast of the square are situated a number of large houses, one of which contains the American consulate.
A parking garage can be found underneath the square, as well as a supermarket. The Museumplein is covered almost entirely with a lawn, except for the northeastern part of the square which is covered with gravel.
The current appearance of the square was realised in , when the square was remodelled. The square itself is the most prominent site in Amsterdam for festivals and outdoor concerts, especially in the summer.
Plans were made in to remodel the square again, because many inhabitants of Amsterdam are not happy with its current appearance. The Rijksmuseum possesses the largest and most important collection of classical Dutch art.
Its collection consists of nearly one million objects. Rembrandt's masterpiece The Night Watch is one of top pieces of art of the museum.
Aside from paintings, the collection consists of a large variety of decorative art. This ranges from Delftware to giant doll-houses from the 17th century.
The architect of the gothic revival building was P. The museum underwent a year, million euro renovation starting in The full collection was reopened to the public on 13 April and the Rijksmuseum has established itself as the most visited museum in Amsterdam with 2.
Van Gogh lived in Amsterdam for a short while and there is a museum dedicated to his work. The museum is housed in one of the few modern buildings in this area of Amsterdam.
The building was designed by Gerrit Rietveld. This building is where the permanent collection is displayed. A new building was added to the museum in This building, known as the performance wing, was designed by Japanese architect Kisho Kurokawa.
Its purpose is to house temporary exhibitions of the museum. Next to the Van Gogh museum stands the Stedelijk Museum.
This is Amsterdam's most important museum of modern art. The museum is as old as the square it borders and was opened in The permanent collection consists of works of art from artists like Piet Mondriaan , Karel Appel , and Kazimir Malevich.
After renovations lasting several years the museum opened in September with a new composite extension that has been called 'The Bathtub' due to its resemblance to one.
Amsterdam contains many other museums throughout the city. The modern-styled Nemo is dedicated to child-friendly science exhibitions. Amsterdam's musical culture includes a large collection of songs which treat the city nostalgically and lovingly.
The song "Aan de Amsterdamse grachten" "On the canals of Amsterdam" was performed and recorded by many artists, including John Kraaijkamp Sr.
In the s Johnny Jordaan rose to fame with "Geef mij maar Amsterdam" "I prefer Amsterdam" , which praises the city above all others explicitly Paris ; Jordaan sang especially about his own neighbourhood, the Jordaan "Bij ons in de Jordaan".
Its main purpose is to serve as a podium for pop concerts for big audiences. Many famous international artists have performed there.
Two other notable venues, Paradiso and the Melkweg are located near the Leidseplein. Jazz has a strong following in Amsterdam, with the Bimhuis being the premier venue.
In , Ziggo Dome was opened, also near Amsterdam Arena, a state-of-the-art indoor music arena. AFAS Live is also host to many electronic dance music festivals, alongside many other venues.
Each year in October, the city hosts the Amsterdam Dance Event ADE which is one of the leading electronic music conferences and one of the biggest club festivals for electronic music in the world, attracting over , visitors each year.
Amsterdam has a world-class symphony orchestra, the Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra. It is considered by critics to be a concert hall with some of the best acoustics in the world.
Some nine hundred concerts and other events per year take place in the Concertgebouw, for a public of over ,, making it one of the most-visited concert halls in the world.
Therefore, the two buildings combined are often called the Stopera , a word originally coined by protesters against it very construction: This huge modern complex, opened in , lies in the former Jewish neighbourhood at Waterlooplein next to the river Amstel.
Muziekgebouw aan 't IJ is a concert hall, which is situated in the IJ near the central station. Its concerts perform mostly modern classical music.
Located adjacent to it, is the Bimhuis , a concert hall for improvised and Jazz music. The Stadsschouwburg at the Leidseplein is the home base of Toneelgroep Amsterdam.
The current building dates from Most plays are performed in the Grote Zaal Great Hall. The normal programme of events encompasses all sorts of theatrical forms.
The Stadsschouwburg is currently being renovated and expanded. The third theatre space, to be operated jointly with next door Melkweg , will open in late or early The recently re-opened DeLaMar Theater houses the more commercial plays and musicals.
A new theatre has also moved into Amsterdam scene in , joining other established venues: Theater Amsterdam is situated in the west part of Amsterdam, on the Danzigerkade.
It is housed in a modern building with a panoramic view over the harbour. The theatre is the first ever purpose-built venue to showcase a single play entitled ANNE, the play based on Anne Frank's life.
On the east side of town there is a small theatre in a converted bath house, the Badhuistheater. The theatre often has English programming.
The Netherlands has a tradition of cabaret or kleinkunst , which combines music, storytelling, commentary, theatre and comedy. Cabaret dates back to the s and artists like Wim Kan , Wim Sonneveld and Toon Hermans were pioneers of this form of art in the Netherlands.
In Amsterdam is the Kleinkunstacademie English: The English spoken comedy scene was established with the founding of Boom Chicago in They have their own theatre at Leidseplein.
Amsterdam is famous for its vibrant and diverse nightlife. They range from large and modern to small and cozy.
A common sight on the Leidseplein during summer is a square full of terraces packed with people drinking beer or wine. Many restaurants can be found in Amsterdam as well.
Since Amsterdam is a multicultural city, a lot of different ethnic restaurants can be found. Restaurants range from being rather luxurious and expensive to being ordinary and affordable.
The two main nightlife areas for tourists are the Leidseplein and the Rembrandtplein. Bimhuis located near the Central Station, with its rich programming hosting the best in the field is considered one of the best jazz clubs in the world.
In , there were festivals and events in Amsterdam. Famous festivals and events in Amsterdam include: On Koninginnedag—that was held each year on 30 April—hundreds of thousands of people travel to Amsterdam to celebrate with the city's residents and Koningsdag is held on 27 April.
The entire city becomes overcrowded with people buying products from the freemarket, or visiting one of the many music concerts. The yearly Holland Festival attracts international artists and visitors from all over Europe.
It offers previews of many different artists, such as musicians and poets, who perform on podia. The stadium Johan Cruyff Arena is the home of Ajax.
It is located in the south-east of the city next to the new Amsterdam Bijlmer ArenA railway station. Before moving to their current location in , Ajax played their regular matches in De Meer Stadion.
The Olympic Stadium built for the occasion has been completely restored and is now used for cultural and sporting events, such as the Amsterdam Marathon.
The ice hockey team Amstel Tijgers play in the Jaap Eden ice rink. The team competes in the Dutch ice hockey premier league. Speed skating championships have been held on the metre lane of this ice rink.
Amsterdam holds two American football franchises: There are three field hockey teams: The basketball team MyGuide Amsterdam competes in the Dutch premier division and play their games in the Sporthallen Zuid.
Since the city of Amsterdam honours the best sportsmen and women at the Amsterdam Sports Awards. Boxer Raymond Joval and field hockey midfielder Carole Thate were the first to receive the awards, in The city of Amsterdam is a municipality under the Dutch Municipalities Act.
It is governed by a directly elected municipal council , a municipal executive board and a mayor. Since , the municipality of Amsterdam has gradually been divided into semi-autonomous boroughs , called stadsdelen or 'districts'.
Over time, a total of 15 boroughs were created. In May , under a major reform, the number of Amsterdam boroughs was reduced to eight: Amsterdam-Centrum covering the city centre including the canal belt , Amsterdam-Noord consisting of the neighbourhoods north of the IJ lake , Amsterdam-Oost in the east, Amsterdam-Zuid in the south, Amsterdam-West in the west, Amsterdam Nieuw-West in the far west, Amsterdam Zuidoost in the southeast, and Westpoort covering the Port of Amsterdam area.
As with all Dutch municipalities, Amsterdam is governed by a directly elected municipal council , a municipal executive board and a mayor burgemeester.
The mayor is a member of the municipal executive board, but also has individual responsibilies in maintaining public order.
On 27 June Femke Halsema former member of House of Representatives for GroenLinks from to was appointed as the first women to be Mayor of Amsterdam by the King's Commissioner of North Holland for a six-year term after being nominated by the Amsterdam municipal council.
On 18 September it was announced by Eberhard van der Laan in an open letter to Amsterdam citizens that Kajsa Ollongren would take up his office as acting Mayor of Amsterdam with immediate effect due to ill health.
Unlike most other Dutch municipalities, Amsterdam is subdivided into eight boroughs , called stadsdelen or 'districts', a system that was implemented gradually in the s to improve local governance.
The boroughs are responsible for many activities that had previously been run by the central city. In , the number of Amsterdam boroughs reached fifteen.
Fourteen of those had their own district council deelraad , elected by a popular vote. The fifteenth, Westpoort , covers the harbour of Amsterdam and had very few residents.
Therefore, it was governed by the central municipal council. Under the borough system, municipal decisions are made at borough level, except for those affairs pertaining to the whole city such as major infrastructure projects, which are the jurisdiction of the central municipal authorities.
In , the borough system was restructured, in which many smaller boroughs merged into larger boroughs. In , under a reform of the Dutch Municipalities Act, the Amsterdam boroughs lost much of their autonomous status, as their district councils were abolished.
The municipal council of Amsterdam voted to maintain the borough system by replacing the district councils with smaller, but still directly elected district committees bestuurscommissies.
Under a municipal ordinance, the new district committees were granted responsibilities through delegation of regulatory and executive powers by the central municipal council.
Colloquially, some areas within the municipality, such as the town of Durgerdam , may not be considered part of Amsterdam. Statistics Netherlands uses three other definitions of Amsterdam: The city region is similar to Greater Amsterdam but includes the municipalities of Zaanstad and Wormerland.
It excludes Graft-De Rijp. The smallest of these areas is the municipality of Amsterdam with a population of , in The largest area by population, the Amsterdam Metropolitan Area Dutch: Metropoolregio Amsterdam , has a population of 2,33 million.
Amsterdam is part of the conglomerate metropolitan area Randstad , with a total population of 6,, inhabitants. Of these various metropolitan area configurations, only the Stadsregio Amsterdam City Region of Amsterdam has a formal governmental status.
Its responsibities include regional spatial planning and the metropolitan public transport concessions. Under the Dutch Constitution , Amsterdam is the capital of the Netherlands.
Since the constitutional revision, the constitution mentions "Amsterdam" and "capital" in chapter 2, article The king's confirmation by oath and his coronation take place in "the capital Amsterdam" " de hoofdstad Amsterdam ".
The ceremony traditionally takes place at the Nieuwe Kerk on Dam Square , immediately after the former monarch has signed the act of abdication at the nearby Royal Palace of Amsterdam.
Normally, however, the Parliament sits in The Hague , the city which has historically been the seat of the Dutch government , the Dutch monarchy , and the Dutch supreme court.
Foreign embassies are also located in The Hague. The coat of arms of Amsterdam is composed of several historical elements. First and centre are three St Andrew's crosses , aligned in a vertical band on the city's shield although Amsterdam's patron saint was Saint Nicholas.
These St Andrew's crosses can also be found on the cityshields of neighbours Amstelveen and Ouder-Amstel. This part of the coat of arms is the basis of the flag of Amsterdam , flown by the city government, but also as civil ensign for ships registered in Amsterdam.
Second is the Imperial Crown of Austria. In , out of gratitude for services and loans, Maximilian I awarded Amsterdam the right to adorn its coat of arms with the king's crown.
Then, in , this was replaced with Maximilian's imperial crown when he was crowned Holy Roman Emperor. In the early years of the 17th century, Maximilian's crown in Amsterdam's coat of arms was again replaced, this time with the crown of Emperor Rudolph II , a crown that became the Imperial Crown of Austria.
The lions date from the late 16th century, when city and province became part of the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands.
Last came the city's official motto: Heldhaftig, Vastberaden, Barmhartig "Heroic, Determined, Merciful" , bestowed on the city in by Queen Wilhelmina , in recognition of the city's bravery during the Second World War.
Currently, there are sixteen tram routes and five metro routes. All are operated by municipal public transport operator Gemeentelijk Vervoerbedrijf GVB , which also runs the city bus network.
Four fare-free GVB ferries carry pedestrians and cyclists across the IJ lake to the borough of Amsterdam-Noord , and two fare-charging ferries run east and west along the harbour.
There are also privately operated water taxis, a water bus, a boat sharing operation, electric rental boats and canal cruises, that transport people along Amsterdam's waterways.
Regional buses, and some suburban buses, are operated by Connexxion and EBS. Amsterdam was intended in to be the hub, a kind of Kilometre Zero , of the highway system of the Netherlands ,  with freeways numbered One to Eight planned to originate from the city.
The A3 to Rotterdam was cancelled in in order to conserve the Groene Hart. Road A8 , leading north to Zaandam and the A10 Ringroad were opened between and The A10 ringroad surrounding the city connects Amsterdam with the Dutch national network of freeways.
Interchanges on the A10 allow cars to enter the city by transferring to one of the 18 city roads , numbered S through to S These city roads are regional roads without grade separation , and sometimes without a central reservation.
Most are accessible by cyclists. The S Centrumring is a smaller ringroad circumnavigating the city's centre.
In the city centre, driving a car is discouraged. Parking fees are expensive, and many streets are closed to cars or are one-way.
Amsterdam is served by ten stations of the Nederlandse Spoorwegen Dutch Railways. The stations for local services are: Amsterdam Centraal is also an international railway station.
Amsterdam Airport Schiphol is less than 20 minutes by train from Amsterdam Centraal station and is served by domestic and international intercity trains, such as Thalys , Eurostar and Intercity Brussel.
Schiphol is the largest airport in the Netherlands, the third largest in Europe, and the 14th-largest in the world in terms of passengers. It handles over 68 million passengers per year and is the home base of four airlines, KLM , Transavia , Martinair and Arkefly.
Amsterdam is one of the most bicycle-friendly large cities in the world and is a centre of bicycle culture with good facilities for cyclists such as bike paths and bike racks , and several guarded bike storage garages fietsenstalling which can be used.
In , there were about 1,, bicycles in Amsterdam outnumbering the amount of citizens in the city. Amsterdam has two universities: Other institutions for higher education include an art school — Gerrit Rietveld Academie , a university of applied sciences — the Hogeschool van Amsterdam , and the Amsterdamse Hogeschool voor de Kunsten.
Amsterdam's International Institute of Social History is one of the world's largest documentary and research institutions concerning social history , and especially the history of the labour movement.
Amsterdam's Hortus Botanicus , founded in the early 17th century, is one of the oldest botanical gardens in the world,  with many old and rare specimens, among them the coffee plant that served as the parent for the entire coffee culture in Central and South America.
There are over primary schools in Amsterdam. Many schools, however, are based on religion. This used to be primarily Roman Catholicism and various Protestant denominations, but with the influx of Muslim immigrants there has been a rise in the number of Islamic schools.
Jewish schools can be found in the southern suburbs of Amsterdam. Amsterdam is noted for having five independent grammar schools Dutch: Ignatius Gymnasium , Het 4e Gymnasium and the Cygnus Gymnasium where a classical curriculum including Latin and classical Greek is taught.
Though believed until recently by many to be an anachronistic and elitist concept that would soon die out, the gymnasia have recently experienced a revival, leading to the formation of a fourth and fifth grammar school in which the three aforementioned schools participate.
Most secondary schools in Amsterdam offer a variety of different levels of education in the same school. The city also has various colleges ranging from art and design to politics and economics which are mostly also available for students coming from other countries.
Amsterdam is a prominent centre for national and international media. However, Amsterdam is not considered 'the media city of the Netherlands'.
The town of Hilversum , 30 kilometres 19 miles south-east of Amsterdam, has been crowned with this unofficial title. Hilversum is the principal centre for radio and television broadcasting in the Netherlands.
Radio Netherlands , heard worldwide via shortwave radio since the s, is also based there. Hilversum is home to an extensive complex of audio and television studios belonging to the national broadcast production company NOS, as well as to the studios and offices of all the Dutch public broadcasting organisations and many commercial TV production companies.
Amsterdam is also featured in John Green 's book The Fault in Our Stars , which has been made into a film as well that partly takes place in Amsterdam.
The housing market is heavily regulated. Squat properties are common throughout Amsterdam, due to property law strongly favouring tenants.
A number of these squats have become well known, such as OT , Paradiso , Vrankrijk closed down by city government , and the Binnenpret, and several are now businesses, such as health clubs and licensed restaurants.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Amsterdam disambiguation. Capital city of the Netherlands. City and municipality in North Holland, Netherlands.
From top down, left to right: Location of Amsterdam in the province of North Holland. See also Other names of Amsterdam.
History of Amsterdam and Timeline of Amsterdam. A painting by Cornelis Anthonisz showing a bird's-eye view of Amsterdam; the famous Grachtengordel had not yet been established.
Courtyard of the Amsterdam Stock Exchange by Emanuel de Witte , ; the Amsterdam Stock Exchange was the first stock exchange to introduce continuous trade in the early 17th century.
Topographic map of Amsterdam and its surrounding municipalities, Large-scale map of the city centre of Amsterdam, including sightseeing markers, as of April This section needs additional citations for verification.
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Protestant Church in the Netherlands 5. Other Christian denominations 5. List of tallest buildings in Amsterdam.
Expansion of Amsterdam since the 19th century. List of parks in Amsterdam and List of squares in Amsterdam.
Martin Luther Kingpark N: List of tourist attractions in Amsterdam. List of songs about Amsterdam. Boroughs of Amsterdam and Municipal council Netherlands.
Capital of the Netherlands. Coat of arms of Amsterdam and Flag of Amsterdam. Amsterdam Metro and Trams in Amsterdam. List of people from Amsterdam.
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Amsterdam Stakes Its Claim". Archived from the original on 1 November Retrieved 10 October Archived from the original on 11 September Archived PDF from the original on Archived from the original on 6 January Archived from the original on 25 October Retrieved 22 October Archived from the original on 18 May Retrieved 21 May Archived from the original on 8 August Archived from the original on 12 May Princeton University Press , , p.
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